“This transformation will touch every aspect of city services and infrastructure including energy generation and distribution, heating and cooling systems, building energy efficiency, transportation, water and waste management, and the efficiency of city services such as street lighting. At the same time, city operations are being transformed by digital technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), smart buildings, artificial intelligence, robotics, and automated vehicles.
This transformation of the energy sector also provides the bedrock for the creation of the low carbon cities of the future. One of the most important developments for cities looking to transform their energy profile is the interlinking of the energy sector with buildings and transportation. A zero carbon city will need to address the role of fossil fuels in space heating and in transportation. Improvements in energy efficiency and the shift to renewable resources are essential steps but, more profoundly, the much closer connection between buildings and transportation and the energy grid will lay the foundation for a new Urban Energy Cloud.”
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